Monday, March 20, 2017

Kompang Tiga/Jawa in Malaysia | #RentakSelangor



Malay Wedding. Kompang.
Opening ceremony. Kompang.
Event. Kompang.


Kompang; a frame hand drum. Has been a part of Malay culture since 13tth century by the Arab merchants through Java Island in Indonesia, aside, there is also findings stated that kompang came from Muslim Indian traders to Tanah Melayu or the Malay Peninsula during the height of Malacca/Melaka sultanate era. Having said that, Kompang is originated from Persia and it is commonly used to enlive a party, one can easily expect to it being performed for circumcision, khatam Quran, during zikir and berzanji. In fact, if one were to visit a kampong (village) during Maulud Nabi (birthday of Prophet Muhammad) and Awal Muharram procession by the villagers and kids singing praising our Prophet Muhammad with selawat.


Kompang Jawa is played by the local Javanese in Kuala Selangor, Kompang Jawa is also known as Kompang Tiga to some. There’s a few kompang troupe from respective states that are more active and prominent, their ensemble are known as Kompang Jawa or Kompang Tiga, Kompang Tujuh or/and Kompang Ribu. And these kompang troupes are generally from Johor, Selangor and Perak. These names denote the size of the ensemble or troupe themselves, Kompang Ribu or Thousands Kompang refers to the many players, where else Kompang Tiga (Three Kompang) and Kompaang Tujuh (Seven Kompang) basically describe that there are three and seven players respectively in each troupe. A full scale ensemble in Kompang Ribu consist of hadrah, rebana, dabus, rodat and kompang, the common one that can be seen during wedding and such consist of only kompang.

This single-sided handheld frame drum; Kompang Tiga or Kompang Jawa is popular in Kuala Selangor. Originated from the days of Wali Sembilan (Nine Saints), Jawa Tengah who used the musical performance to attract people to the teachings of Islam; it is often played by the pondok pupil and later expanded all over Selangor. This Kompang Jawa (also known as Kompang Tiga [Three Kompang]) is different from other kompang as its songs and compositions are based on the Kitab Berzanji. It is usually performed during wedding, baby showers, Quran recital, circumcision and etc.


Why is it callled Kompang Tiga?
Kompang Tiga is also known as Rebana Ketimpring in Indonesia.
It is because it is played in 3 sets/players and the #kompang (drum) comes with 3 tamborine bell. And each musician plays a different note; when combined forms a beautiful song. Each player/note has its own name, namely Telon, Banggen and Babon. When this 3 notes combined, it’ll form a harmonious melody. At times, Kapatan and Penyalalu player/notes are being added as a filler perfecting the song.

In its country of origini, Rebana Ketimpring is split into 2 types, (i) Rebana Ngarak – Being used for wedding or procession from the groom to the bride’s house. It is also said that the younger generation plays Rebana Ketimpring when practicing pantun (poem) and silat (Malay achipelagi martial art). And (ii) Rebana Maulid – It functions is to accompany when singing praising our Prophet Muhammad (selawat). It has become customary in Betawi that now, it is being played and performed in other months aside from Rabiul Awwal, it is also being performed baby showers, aqeqah, circumcision, solemnization, wedding and etc.


As it is becoming less popular nowadays, one can only see active and enthusiastic participation among the younger generation in the suburb and kampung (villages) areas.






Rentak Selangor Fam Trip is in collaboration with UPENS (Unit Perancangan Negeri Selangor), Tourism Selangor and all its sponsors with #GayaTravel as media coordinator.












Friday, March 17, 2017

Wayang Kulit Jawa in Malaysia | #RentakSelangor




Nasi Ambeng, Ketiwol, Adat Berjojak and Adat Lenggang Perut are among the Javanese custom and delicacies adapted by us local Malaysian, especially in Selangor and Perak; where the Javanese communities are the largest in Malaysia.


The origin
During British and Dutch colonization in the 19th century; in the effort to establish Selangor, labour was highly seek after to clear the land for infrastructure and agriculture. Thus, the Javanese and Buginese were brought in to develop the vast virgin forest of Selangor. The Javanese population grew especially in areas such as Tanjung Karang, Sabak Bernam, Kuala Selangor, Kelang, Banting and Sepang where they still converse in Javanese language/dialect, upholding and practicing their Javanese culture and customs. Kuda Kepang, Kompang Jawa or Kompang Tiga, and Gamelan are among the culture and heritage they brought in with them.

In the present day, their livelihoods mostly depend on agriculture - paddy field and palm oil plantation. It is said that the earliest Javanese settlement in Selangor was in at Kampung Sungai Haji Dorani, Sabak Bernam district, in Selangor. Hence, it come as no surprise that the custom, belief and culture is upheld strongly here, Javanese delicacies are easily accessible, and it is common to find and hear the locals here conversing in Javanese language/dialect.

The Art – Wayang Kulit
The Javanese influence is visible in the traditional musical instrument and performance, it is strongly represented in Wayang Kulit Jawa which is still being practised and showcased in Kuala Selangor. Accompanied by a gamelan ensemble, wayang kulit or shadow puppet performance is synonymous to the Southeast Asia region, namely Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand. 


Wayang Kulit Jawa
Originated from Indonesia, wayang kulit has received UNESCO recognition as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity on 7 November 2003. Upon making its presence in Kuala Selangor; Malaysia, the local ie Javanese communities has preserved this culture and heritage by training apprentices at their tender age and instill the love of traditional art.

Javanese Gamelan musical instrument,and Mahabrata and Ramayana story and characters are the key element of Wayang Kulit Jawa, maintaining the basic features of Indonesia’s wayang kulit purwa. The art of wayang kulit was said was invented by Wali Sembiland or the Nine Saints who uses music, performances and art as a way to interact and bridge the local culture thus converting Java to Islam.


From its birth place in East of Java, Wayang Kulit Jawa is largely performed by the Javanese communities here in Kuala Selangor, and it is very much different from the Wayang Kulit Siam in Kelantan, Wayang Kulit Gedek in Kedah and Wayang Kulit Melayu, Terengganu.

Back in those days, Wayang Kulit Jawa was performed during planting/seeding as well as harvesting time to seek blessing from mother nature and to thank for a bountiful crop season. Now, it is mostly being presented in special events and festivals.



Other type of Wayang Kulit in Malaysia


Wayang Kulit Melayu
Influence by Wayang Kulit Purwa that focuses on Mahabharata story side from Pendawa Lima and Panji, Wayang Kulit Melayu puppets looks similar to Wayang Kulit Jawa. However, a Malay rebab with 2 strings intertwined the Malay and Javanese musical culture. Unlike Wayang Kulit Jawa, Wayang Kulit Melayu is narrated in Malay language but with a touch of Javanese influence. Due to limitation in experienced tok dalang or puppet masters, Wayang Kulit Melayu is rarely performed.


Wayang Kulit Kelantan
Also referred to as Wayang Kulit Siam, it is believed to originate from Cambodia and brought it to Peninsular Malaysia via Patani in Thailand. It is practice and performed commonly in Kelantan and Terengganu. Hikayat Seri Rama is the epic story Wayang Kulit Kelantan is based on where in the past, it is served as a ritual. Today, it is performed as a form of entertainment ceremonial and official event.




Historically, wayang kulit is practice and performed to praise and devotion to wise one (tok guru/teacher), during healing ritual or spirit worshipping ritual as well as during harvesting festival.

Wayang kulit or shadow puppet theater portrays how the society feels back then, being represented in a form of art and music. Not only as a symbol of entertainment but also describe values, life, beliefs norms and heart of the locals back then. And this was clearly seen and captured in #RentakSelangor; The Breathing Pulse of Our Land.





Rentak Selangor Fam Trip is in collaboration with UPENS (Unit Perancangan Negeri Selangor), Tourism Selangor and all its sponsors with #GayaTravel as media coordinator.











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